By Sean Mann Tuesday, September 27, 2011 - 2:38 PM
By mid-2008, the local branches of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) had forced out Pakistani security forces and taken power in large portions of Mohmand and Bajaur, the northernmost of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). For three years the militant group exercised open territorial control, levying taxes and administering its own brand of justice in the mountainous areas along the Afghan border. Pakistani military operations aimed at destroying the TTP insurgency came in regular cycles, yet each declaration of success was followed by the swift resurgence of militant power. Hundreds of thousands of civilians fled the violence to reside in Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps or with family members elsewhere in Pakistan.
Recently, however, the tide in Mohmand and Bajaur has turned decisively in the Pakistani military's favor. For the first time in four years, militants have lost the territory they once openly controlled. Whether the tide turns back, or whether these tribal areas even matter given the larger challenges Pakistan faces, is another question entirely.
Information from the FATA is scarce, as few independent reporters are fearless enough to venture into the area, and their number is dwindling. Over coffee in Islamabad last February, Asia Times Online's Syed Saleem Shahzad told me, "journalist access in the tribal areas is difficult now, you need strong contacts with the government, the locals, and also with the militants." Tragically, three months later Shahzad's body was found dumped in a canal southeast of the capital. Many blame the Pakistani security services for his death, and interpret his killing as intended to intimidate the Pakistani media.
Given that the military's public relations wing possesses a near-monopoly on information coming out of the FATA, it is no wonder that recent declarations of victory over the TTP in Mohmand and Bajaur have gone largely unnoticed. Military announcements now fall on deaf ears, as U.S. policymakers, not to mention the Pakistani public, have become jaded by earlier declarations of success that later proved meaningless. In this information vacuum the best indicator that security has truly improved is the sustained return of IDPs to their homes.
In June 2011, the Pakistani government declared the entirety of Bajaur safe for IDP return, with the sole exception being Loi Sam, a market town flattened by Pakistani airstrikes in 2008. Jalozai camp near Peshawar has been emptied of tens of thousands of IDPs, many of them families whofled Bajaur two or three years prior and are only now returning home. Additionally, of the two camps established to house Mohmand IDPs, Danish Kol is empty and Nahakki camp is nearly so. While the government has attempted to coerce IDPs to return to their home areas in the past, this has had only limited results, as IDPs have shown they are more than willing to flee insecure areas once again if the security problems have not been resolved. In this context, it is remarkable that IDPs have stayed put since their return to Mohmand and Bajaur earlier in the year.
The paramilitary Frontier Corps, backed by the army, has reestablished its presence in troubled hotspots along the border, including the Chamarkand, Nawagai, and Mamund areas of Bajaur, and the Lakaro, Khwezai and Bezai areas of Mohmand. Local tribal militias, referred to as "Peace Committees" or lashkars, receive nominal government support to police their villages, supplementing the established Khassadar and paramilitary forces whose membership is culled from the local populations. The TTP no longer openly patrols the roads and villages, replaced instead by government checkpoints.
Though they no longer control territory in the area, the insurgency has by no means vanished. Some fighters have chosen to lay low, putting down their weapons and returning to agrarian life, at least for now. Others, including the militant leadership, have fled across the border into the insecure Afghan provinces of Kunar and Nuristan. Just as North and South Waziristan have served as a safe haven for Afghanistan-focused militants such as the Haqqani Network, the mountainous borderlands of Eastern Afghanistan are now functioning as safe havens for militants expelled from North FATA by the Pakistani state.
Lack of territory inside Pakistan has not prevented the Bajaur and Mohmand TTP from continuing their campaigns of terror and intimidation, however. Pro-government tribal leaders have been assassinated, Frontier Corps checkposts attacked in cross-border raids, and most recently 30 teenagers were kidnapped in the Mamund area of Bajaur. Faqir Mohammed, the leader of the Bajaur TTP, has reestablished an illegal radio station and is again broadcasting propaganda along the border. Local militants who agreed to cease attacks against the state in return for amnesty could easily mobilize again if the TTP appears poised to retake control of the borderlands.
Meanwhile, sectarian violence in the nearby tribal area of Kurram has resisted both the efforts of Afghan militant leaders and the Pakistani government for mediation - with the Shi'a Pashtuns stuck in the area's major city, Parachinar, still deeply suspicious of the true intentions of both would-be peacebrokers. Zones of Shi'a and Sunni control have hardened, as the TTP and other sectarian militant groups such as Sipah-e-Sihaba Pakistan (and its subsidiary Lashkar-e-Jhangvi) have proved unwavering in their attacks on Shi'a traveling along the main road through Lower Kurram. Pakistani military operations began in July of this year in Central Kurram, a mountainous Sunni-dominated region along the Afghan border long ignored by the state. Tens of thousands of IDPs have fled the area. Though the military declared the operations a success in mid-August, only asmall minority of IDPs have since begun to return home, and questions remain about the value of staging operations in Central Kurram, rather than other parts of the agency.
Militants in other parts of FATA also remain strong. In much of Khyber, armed groups such as Lashkar-e-Islam, Ansar-ul-Islam, and the TTP view each other, rather than the government, as their main competition for power. An uneasy truce between Afghanistan-focused militants and the Frontier Corps persists in North Waziristan, even as sporadic fighting between the TTP and the state continues in South Waziristan. In addition, other challenges increasingly overshadow the conflict in FATA, including concerns about tensions with India, extremist infiltration of the armed forces, and escalating confessional violence in Karachi.
Sustaining the state's victory in Mohmand and Bajaur will depend on its ability to provide services and especially security to the returning IDPs. The years-long conflict between the military and insurgents has devastated both the traditional civilian authorities and the tribal leadership of FATA. The military has used the ongoing conflict as a justification for blocking the implementation of long overdue political reforms meant to start incorporating the tribal areas into the mainstream of Pakistani politics and law. Whether the government can maintain security and normalize life in Mohmand and Bajaur will be a crucial test of its ability to succeed in the rest of the tribal areas.
Sean Mann is currently in the Masters of Science in Foreign Service program at Georgetown University. He speaks Pashto, and spent the previous year conducting research on the border areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
LONDON: President Asif Ali Zardari has been urged to investigate the alleged involvement of his government in the massacre and ethnic cleansing of Shias in Quetta, Parachinar, Hangu, and Karachi and recently in District Muzaffargarh.
This demand was made at a big demonstration arranged by Majlis Ulema-e-Shia Europe in front of Pakistan High Commission to condemn the target killings of Shia Muslims and growing Talibanisation in Pakistan.
Hundreds of participants from London, Birmingham, Manchester, Bradford, Nottingham and other cities gathered to express their concern and anger over continued terrorist activities being carried out by al-Qaeda linked terrorists including Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, Sipah-e-Sahaba and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi.
The speakers blamed the Chief Minister Balochistan Aslam Raisani, the federal government and elements of the establishment for allowing the Taliban terrorists to carry out the systematic killings of innocent men, women and children in markets, schools, hospitals, mosques and private properties.
The participants displayed banners and placards and chanted slogans "Stop Hazara Killings", "Bye bye Raisani", and "Taliban are living Satans." Addressing the mob, Maulana Syed Ali Raza Rizvi, the Central President of Majlis Ulema-e-Shia Europe said: "Balochistan has been turned into a living Qabristan (graveyard) since Aslam Raisani has become the Chief Minister of the province in April 2008. In his 3 years, hundreds of doctors, engineers, professors, government servants and business people belonging to Hazara Shia tribe have been ruthlessly massacred."
Ahsan Abbas, the spokesperson of the United Muslims Alliance (UMA) said: "We express our full support and solidarity with the Shia people in Pakistan who are undergoing a silent massacre. This ethnic cleansing has become a humanitarian problem in Quetta specially and we consider it a very serious matter for the entire world to take notice off."
Maulana Musharaf Hussaini from East London, Maulana Maroofi, Maulana Najumul Hassan, Ather Abbas Zaidi and Abrar Mir also addressed the participants.
Majlis Ulema-e-Shia Europe filed a petition at the High Commission of Pakistan Consulate demanding President Asif Ali Zardari to investigate the alleged involvement of CM Balochistan and the district administration in the massacre and ethnic cleansing of Shias in Quetta, Parachinar, Hangu, Karachi and recently in Tehsil Alipur District Muzaffargarh.
They also demanded a compensation for the families of the deceased martyrs. They have also announced to hold more demonstrations in various European cities
PAKISTAN: Members of Shia community were under attack while the military forces look on
September 21, 2011
Members of one of the largest sects of Islam, the Shiaite community, came under attack from militant Islamic organizations which, in the past had the patronage of Pakistan army and its intelligence agencies who offered sophisticated terrorist training including the handling of rocket launchers. The Balochistan province and Kurram agency of northern area, well known as a Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) has become a killing ground for the Shia sect that consist of 24 percent of the Muslim population in Pakistan. These are the places where the contingents of the Pakistan army and its Para-Military force, the Frontier Corps (FC) are stationed and controlling all the roads, besides having check posts all around the major cities. There is also a huge presence of spies from the infamous intelligence agency, the ISI. As a result banned Islamic militant organizations feel at liberty to operate freely under the patronage of the law enforcement agencies.
In a latest incident of September 20, 26 persons from The Shia sect of Islam were ambushed by the death squad of a banned religious organization, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) within half a kilometer from a FC check post. According to official reports the gunmen shot dead 26 Pakistani Shia Muslim pilgrims travelling to Iran, the deadliest attack on the minority community in Pakistan for more than a year. In the brutal assault, gunmen ordered the pilgrims to get off their bus, lined them up and assassinated them in a hail of gunfire in Mastung, a district 50 kilometers (30 miles) south of Quetta, the capital of the southwest Baluchistan province.
An hour after the first attack, unidentified gunmen killed another three Shias on the outskirts of Quetta whom police said were relatives of victims of the first incident en route to collect their bodies. This figure rises to more than 500 the Shias killed in terrorist attacks during the past three years after the FC received the powers of the police. After every terrorist attack on Shia religious community the LeJ claims that they were in fact, target. The LeJ is distributing leaflets in Balochistan province particularly, in Quetta, the capital of the province that Shias are infidels and they are liable to be killed according to Islamic teachings. These campaigns against the Shia religious community is very well known to Police, FC, the Army and its intelligence services but no action has been taken against the LeJ.
The LeJ are followers of Wahabi sect of Islam which is the dominating sect in Saudi Arabia and the organization was formed during the military regime of General Zia Ul Haq in the period of Jihad against Soviet Union's intervention in Afghanistan. This organization was banned by General Musharraf after 9/11 when the USA and UN declared it to be a terrorist organization. But, still the LeJ operates in all parts of Pakistan particularly in Punjab province where the provincial government has even provided them with office space.
The Shia sect is also facing the same situation in Kurram Gency of northern part of Pakistan at the Afghanistan border where the army and the FC have strong control after 9/11to operate against the terrorists. Parachinar, the main city of the agency, is predominated by or at least a big chunk of the Shia community is residing here with the name of Turi tribe who have been regularly made the victim of terrorist activities of militant outfits of the Pakistani armed forces particularly, by Anjuman Sipah-e-Shaba of Pakistan (ASSP), a banned organization and follower of Saudi branded Islam of Wahabism. The Kurrum agency was divided mainly in Turi and Bangash tribes -- the Bangush are mostly consisted of the Sunni sect, the largest sect of Islam in Pakistan, but both the tribes are victim of the Taliban and ASSP's terrorist activities. The Sunni tribe, Bangush tribe, is made victims of killings and other terrorist activities, mainly, because they were not taking action against Shias and not supporting the terrorist activities of banned organizations.
The whole Kurram agency is under the control of the Haqqani network, a very powerful terrorist organization under the leadership of Mr. Siraj Haqqani, who carries out terrorist activities inside Pakistan and Afghanistan and was involved in the killing of Nato forces. It operates from the Kurram agency which is at the borders of three Afghan cities and provides a short cut route to Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. The Kurrum agency is also known as Parrot's beak because of its geographical position inside the territories of Afghanistan. This whole area is under control of FC and Pakistan army all roads for exits have hundreds of check posts. But still the roads leading to Peshawar, capital of Khaiber Pakhtoon Kha province, particularly Thall road is under the control of Haqqani network and Taliban. The Parachinar city is under siege of these organizations and Thall Road is closed since four years. So the people of Parachinar have to go inside Afghanistan and then to enter Pakistan, taking very long route to reach Peshawar city. The Shias have fifty percent population of Parachinar.
In the month of April, 2011, 33 persons (all Shia) were abducted by the militant Taliban group from the Thall road, leading to Peshawar city, and 13 out of them were burnt and maimed and thrown on the road where, in those days, the Pakistan army has deployed a new contingent to start a new operation against the terrorists. In the last 18 months at least 250 people, the majority of them belonging to the Shia community, have been killed and 3000 have been injured at the hands of bloodthirsty criminals. The main Thall-Peshawar Road has been closed for the last several months. The one day it was opened resulted in killing and beheading of passengers. Other roads are closed as well, and one can only enter the region from Afghanistan. Unfortunately, this is also a very dangerous road and resulted in the murder of civilians who tried to use this route.
Since the 2001 more than 5000 persons have been killed by the terrorists and majority of them are Shias in Kurram agency which is besieged by the militant organizations and troops from Pakistani military. The Thall road is also closed since 2007 and whenever it is opened the kidnappings and killings of Shia and Bangush tribes are reported daily. In July of 2008, the New York Times ran a piece highlighting the rise of "sectarian conflict" in Parachinar. By then, the town had already been subject to a siege that had spanned for months; food and medical supplies had been in severe shortage after the main Thall-Peshawar highway leading to the town was blocked off by armed groups.
In the month of July the Supreme Court of Pakistan has released one militant, Malik Sadiq of the LeJ, who was very famous in the move against Shia community and wants the state to declare Shia as infidel as it was declared to the Ahmadis. He has been charged with the murder of 70 people, most of them Shia. He was released on bail on July 16.
The Daily Express tribune reported on September 19, 2011 that it was all too predictable. After being released from jail on bail, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi leader Malik Ishaq's presence has already managed to cause violence and death when members of his entourage clashed with a Shia community in Muzaffargarh, Punjab province, resulting in at least two deaths and ten injuries. Ishaq, a leader of the banned anti-Shia militant organisation, and has been travelling the country, preaching his message of bigotry against the Shia community ever since.
It has already been reported that Malik Ishaq had in October 1997 admitted to an Urdu daily to being involved in the killing of over a 100 people. He was flown from Lahore to Rawalpindi in 2009 on a military plane to get the al Qaeda-linked terrorists to negotiate with attackers who had taken several people hostage inside GHQ. On his release, he was accompanied by Sipah-e-Sahaba chief Maulana Muhammad Ahmad Ludhianvi who is in triumph today, having made a political deal in Punjab after the alleged killing of a minority group in Gojra.
In the month of December 2009, around 50 Shias were killed in a bomb blast in Karachi, the capital of Sindh province, when they were having their yearly mourning processions in memory of martyred grandson of the last prophet of Islam. But still the killers are at large.
It is also alleged that judiciary is soft on the terrorists and many were released by the court process and particularly because of the prosecution's ill information about the law. In most of the cases the judges and prosecution work under the threats from the religious militant organizations.
The Shia and other religious minority communities are also blaming the Chief Justice of Pakistan for his soft attitude towards the religious terrorist organizations particularly about ASSP and LeJ and their leadership. One example is very much sighted against the chief Justice of Pakistan that when he visited Karachi Central Prison, Karachi, in September 2009, he stayed in the jail for almost the whole night and released 28 target killers in one night from the jail on the pretext that there was not sufficient evidence against them. Those released were booked on target killings of many persons from Shia community. It was argued by the Shia community that if there were no sufficient charges against the killers even then a judicial process should be adopted rather than arrival of Chief Justice to Karachi especially for the release of terrorists and then immediately returning back to Islamabad is the clear message of the judiciary against the different religious groups.
Maulana Mohammad Saeed, chief of defunct Lashkar-e- Taiba (LeT) was also on many occasion has been released by the higher courts is also wanted in the Mumbay blasts in India. The LeT is infamous in target killing of Shia and Ahmadis communities. alleged soft corners of the Pakistan army and higher courts towards the terrorist and leaders of sectarian violence is providing a good space for them to unleash against the opposite religious groups. These sectarian banned groups do not follow the law or are trying to disband their activities when they find good alleged patronage from the judiciary and army. The militant sectarian groups have also easily reaped in the law enforcement agencies particularly in army.
The sectarian killings have also become very common in the country and every year at least 200 hundred to 300 hundred persons have died. The irony is that all such killings are conducted by those organizations which are banned by the law since many years but still operating free and having their offices in the cities but no law can ban them when they find friends inside judiciary and army.
The Asian Human Rights Commission urges the government to initiate an enquiry in to the incident of killing of 26 Shia persons in Mastung, Balochistan province and prosecute the officials of FC and police who were responsible for this negligence and nexus with the terrorists. The government must strictly implement its laws against banned terrorist Islamic organizations and its leadership and also initiate the enquiry itself in the incidents of release of terrorists by the personal actions of judges whether they are from higher courts.
ISLAMABAD: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa MPA from Hangu, Ateequr Rehman says the Tall-Parachinar Road, which is the main route linking the province to Parachinar, the Kurram Agency's Headquarters, has been virtually seized by Taliban.
"In addition to the activities of these terrorist elements calling themselves Taliban and 'local Taliban' under the command of one warlord or the other, there are serious clashes going on between two religious sects, fighting with each other for decades for the control of the area and especially this strategic Tall-Parachinar Road," Ateequr Rehman said.
"Because of these acts of terrorism by Taliban and the warlords, traders and farmers have, according to safe estimates, suffered losses amounting to at least Rs70 billion so far," the MPA said.
Director-General of the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), Major General Athar Abbas told The News that in the past the Tall-Parachinar road was completely blocked but because of the operations launched by the Pakistan Army and other law enforcement agencies it has now become possible to travel on this road under the protection of security forces.
"Now convoys, including public transport, private vehicles and the transport vehicles can move up and down this road under the protection of the security forces, which has resolved a major issue to some extent. The local political authorities are also putting in their share to secure this road as they are engaging the two sectarian groups to reach an agreement for peaceful co-existence in the tribal agency. Once that task is accomplished, we hope complete peace will return to Kurram Agency," the DG ISPR said.
But MPA Ateequr Rehman said because of lawlessness, the Taliban and sectarian clashes all the cellular phone companies have been forced to shut down their operations in Kurram Agency and there is no source of communication except the PTCL, which also is ineffective because the exchanges crash too frequently thanks to prolonged power breakdowns.
"Interestingly, while the Pakistani cellular phone companies have been unable to continue their operations in Kurram Agency, the cellular service from Afghanistan is operative in Kurram tribal region and most of the people are using the Afghan cellular phone network connections," the MPA from Hangu said.
He said out of 1.6 to 2 million people in Kurram Agency many have migrated to safer areas outside the agency because of precarious law and order situation.
He said that the security forces had worked hard in the past to clear Kurram Agency from these terrorist elements and also worked to bring the sects together in an attempt to bring about peace. However, he added, these efforts by the law enforcement and security agencies, fail in the long run. The government started an air service from Peshawar to Parachinar but that was never enough. As a result, people started using the ancient route of reaching Khyber Agency through Afghanistan, but that too is not safe because of the Taliban influence in those areas inside Afghanistan. "All these realities have made the living and life of people in Kurram Agency miserable," the lawmaker said.
Pakistani Shiite Muslims shout slogans against the killing of community members in Quetta on September 21, 2011. PHOTO: AFP
The massacre on September 20 of a bus full of Hazara Shia near Quetta is another grotesque reminder of the slow, but steady, erosion of the religious state in Pakistan. It is not only the Quetta Shia who are the permanent target of terrorists. The Turi community — formed through historical migration from Afghanistan to Kurram Agency in the Tribal Areas — tells the same tragic story of Pakistan's abandonment of its afflicted communities. The main road that links the agency's headquarters Parachinar with Peshawar and the rest of the country has been more or less closed since 2007 because of the Taliban and their allied militants in the area. Unfortunately, the government has not able to keep it open for more than a few days, despite a much-heralded agreement earlier this year between the various tribes of Kurram. As for the September 20 massacre, the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, whose leader Malik Ishaq was recently released from a jail in Punjab, claimed the attack, which resulted in the cold-blooded execution-style killing of 29 Shia pilgrims on their way to Iran.
Pakistan is struck with amnesia about the Hazaras every time a massacre takes place. The one on the last Eidul Fitr was forgotten; this one will be forgotten too. In the last three years, 230 of them have lost their lives as citizens of Pakistan. When Pakistan was supporting the Taliban regime in Afghanistan starting 1996, it began offering the sacrifice of its citizens to Mullah Umar and his renegade state as proof of its loyalty. And the killings didn't begin in the 1990s but much before, around the time of General Zia's Islamisation when the s0-called jihad against the Soviet Union was in full swing. The state tolerated the killing of the Shia by the Taliban in Mazar-e-Sharif, and did nothing when the Taliban regime that it supported in Kabul went after the Hazara in their heartland of Bamyan. In 2001, following America's invasion of Afghanistan, al Qaeda fighters escaped to Pakistan and found shelter here, thanks in part to a network of sympathisers. When this happened, many of the homegrown sectarian killers found a readymade host in al Qaeda with its virulently anti-Shia ideology. In 2003, when the Shia were massacred during Ashura in Quetta, the local Shia leaders showed pamphlets issued by all major madrassas of Pakistan which had declared their sect as heretical.
The main sectarian organisation called Sipah Sahaba circumvented the ban placed on it by splitting into several smaller parts, and as it did this, the state did nothing. One splinter was the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and the other was the Jaish-e-Muhammad. The first has joined al Qaeda as a member of Brigade 313 where Tehreek-i-Taliban and Jundullah are featured together with members of al Qaeda. The Lashkar and Jaish are both products of south Punjab, based in Bahawalpur and Rahimyar Khan respectively with links to the madrassa network headed by a well-known seminary in Karachi.
Pakistan's turning away from the international community, as symbolised by its pulling out of the IMF programme and its escalating estrangement from America, could well place it in a completely isolationist corner. In fact, if that were to happen, it will only further encourage the forces of obscurantism and extremism, which have already made their significant presence felt across the length and breadth of Pakistani society. In this context, the assassination in Kabul through suicide bombing of the leader of the Tajik community in that country, Burhanuddin Rabbani, also on September 20, could further push Pakistan into this isolationist corner, not least because the rest of the world assumes, rightly or wrongly, that most Taliban attacks inside Afghanistan originate from Pakistan. Those who think that terrorism started in 2001 because Pakistan joined America's war on terror, should know that attacks on Shias have been happening since the 1980s and since that period non-state actors have been involved in them, and that most of these have links to the Taliban and al Qaeda of today. The question to ask is: how many more massacres are we going to see of the Shias before we wake up and decide to purge the monster of sectarianism from within us?
Published in The Express Tribune, September 22nd, 2011
KURRAM AGENCY - Armed militants killed at least three persons and kidnapped two others in two separate incidents in Lower Kurram Agency on Sunday.
Sources said in the first incident, three persons, boarding a car, were on their way from Mero Khel area to Alizai Lower Kurram Agency, when they were ambushed by armed militants. The militants opened indiscriminate fire on them at Tal-Parachinar Highway near Haider Khan Killi. Resultantly all the three persons were killed on the spot. The killers after committing the crime managed to escape. Those who were killed were identified as Mushtaq Hussain, Muhammad Nabi and Amin Hussain. The sources said that all the three persons belonged to Tori tribe. Their dead bodies were later dispatched to Parachinar. In another incident, the sources said, armed militants kidnapped two brothers from Lower Kurram Agency. They said that both the brothers, whose names were not ascertained till filing this report, were on their way from Tal Gunj area to Bagan locality, when the armed militants kidnapped them.
Parachinar, Pakistan's paradise is very significant due to its strategic location, bordering Afghanistan, 250 km west of Islamabad. Lying in the upper part of Kurram Agency, it is blessed with natural beauty, is part of Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan and its geographical coordinates are 33° 53′ 51″ North, 70° 6′ 0″ East.
People there are friendly and eager to acquire knowledge. There are good opportunities as well as encouragement for females aspiring for education. Each year students in hundreds leave the town for other cities of Pakistan in pursuit of standard education. A good many members of the young generation are presently studying in almost all Cadet Colleges, medical colleges, and engineering universities across the country. Remarkably, there are no restrictions, usually in existence in the tribal societies, on women's education while parents feel proud if their daughters achieve a mark in education. There are one Degree College for men and one for women. There are nearly 270 primary, 30 secondary and 32 high schools excluding a number of private schools and colleges. The main source of income is farming on very small scale, gardening and natural resource utilizations. A large section of people from Parachinar have proceeded abroad, especially to the Middle East for making a living resulting in comparatively decent and modern standard of life being enjoyed by them. Most of the people there prefer government service and a large portion of the youth have been commissioned in Pakistan Army, Navy and Air Force. Qualified doctors and engineers from Parachinar, who are in hundreds, are serving in different hospitals and departments around the country and abroad. This friendly and happy environment was shattered by some illegitimate émigrés with the help of a few devilish folk in town.
Despite its natural beauty, talent of the people and strategic importance, Parachinar is presently in a dire state due to sectarian brutality originated by the politico-religious-militant policies of the dictator Zia-ul-Haq. The people of FATA will never forgive the dictator for converting their earthly paradise into hell. People there were happy with their simple and strange traditions. He snatched from tribesmen the right of living in peace, self-respect and happiness. How difficult it was for those families who were dislocated from different parts of FATA and forced to live in IDP camps, making their women and children beg for food, shelter and clothing. These were initiated by Zia-ul-Haq who in the name of Holy War against USSR pushed the simple tribesmen into war and their children were forcefully trained as militants. He never thought once that the militants then fighting a so-called holy war against USSR could become the cause of extremism and sectarianism around the country.
The worst a State can do is to subject its citizens to war either against any enemy or any organization. It is the responsibility of the State to secure its borders and protect its territory by itself rather than by the citizens. Citizens only can contribute in the well-being of the State through paying taxes and respecting the law and constitution of the country.
The residents of Parachinar are largely Shia Toori tribe, who has been the target of Jehadiatrocities, the sole cause of sectarian clashes in that area. These clashes have turned the once beautiful land into ruins, halting human life there. The main road called Tall-Parachinar road connecting Parachinar to the rest of country has been blocked by terrorists. This has caused the local merchants to gouge the prices up to ten times of even basic staple foods such as flour, ghee, sugar and rice. The younger residents of Parachinar are worst off still. With the lack of basic education, the land of Parachinar is effectively being thrown back into the dark ages. Most of the schools in the area have been destroyed by terrorist's attacks.
If the road opens for a day or a week, kidnapping, slaughtering and killing travelers immediately becomes rife. As a result the people of Parachinar are besieged within their area with lack of daily and much needed rations and passing through state of angst and uncertainty.
In very recent few years dozens of blasts, rocket attacks, gunship fires, and kidnappings have taken place. Today there is no family that has had not lost a beloved in this ongoing imposed terrorism. The people of Parachinar are being killed, slaughtered, kidnapped and their dead bodies are being mutilated after slaughtering and killing. The recently abducted were killed and then their dead bodies were set on fire. All the victims were below 35years in age. Some were married who left behind widows and orphans while those who were engaged left their fiancés with unfulfilled dream of having their hands stained red with henna.
Despite this difficult situation the teachers of Parachinar with the help of locals are busy in educating their pupils as a result of which the students scored very well in recent Matric and BA/BSc examinations. This year, thousands of students, both girls and boys, passed the Metric exam with excellent results same was the result of BA/BSc.
The students in thousand on this Eid have gone Parachinar to celebrate the moments of happiness with their families are now wedged into Parachinar due to the blockade of road. As a result daily they are holding protest in Parachinar city and insisting the Government to either take them safely to Peshawar or open the road for them so they can go to their universities and colleges that can continue their studies.
This everything is forcing the locals to agitate against Government inside Parachinar and in different cities. If the media and Human Rights organization would have not ignore the crises of Parachinar, today it wouldn't be the most dangerous zone for Human Rights violation in the world.
What is more hurtful for those who want to see a stable, progressive, peaceful and united Pakistan is that the local tribesmen are losing their trust on the political government of Pakistan, state agencies and even Pakistan Army as all so far have totally failed to provide security to their lives and region.
In a condolence gathering for the seven martyrs of Parachinar who were killed mercilessly on the very next day of Eid ul Fitar, the people strongly expressed their heartfelt grief over the killings as well as apathy on the part of the Government and its institutions.
Now the people there are assuming and believing that it is our state and its agencies do not want peace in Parachinar. Such thinking in an area where not a single case of attack on Government officials has been reported while history is witness that the people have fought in the name of Pakistan and are more patriotic than other inhabitants; is highly injurious for the stability of country.
I was horrified to listen to the views of the people that they are so much fed up of this ongoing slaughter of their men, women and children that they are thinking to give up citizenship of Pakistan as their women, children, honours, lives and property are not safe in Pakistan.
A number of people were of the opinion to appeal to the UN and some countries to accept them as their prefecture and give them security of life.
In such a situation I strongly appeal to the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan that it is time to end this horrific war at any cost and provide the much-needed security to the region whose people are most nationalistic. The Pakistan Army must take fierce actions against the extremists and terrorists to make the area safe and peaceful before our enemies take the advantage of the worst situation to stimulate agitations and mutiny against the state of Pakistan.